August 20, 2022 5 min read

CBD EDIBLES: WHAT ARE THEY, AND DO THEY WORK?

What are CBD edibles? How do CBD edibles work when they are consumed? How effective are CBD edibles when consumed? This article explains what CBD edibles are and how they work when consumed.

Cannabidiol edibles include any consumable product like brownies, foods, and drinks. The product increase in the marketplace limits people from having a clear understanding of CBD edibles. Some consumers have experienced positive effects after taking them. However, some beginners inquire whether CBD edibles truly work.

After hemp legalization in 2018, trademarks began manufacturing new cannabidiol products to address various needs and people. The cannabidiol domain has expanded following the mass production of different CBD products. Numerous alternatives cater to all consumers with unique needs. Some product varieties include CBD topicals, tinctures, oils, and edibles. CBD edibles have the highest demand of their counterparts. Unfortunately, some consumers do not understand them and wonder whether they work. CBD edibles include any consumable product like foods, drinks, and brownies. Some consumers report positive effects after taking these products. However, let us find out whether CBD edibles work.

What Are CBD Edibles?     

CBD edibles include consumable foods, brownies, snacks, beverages, or gums with cannabidiol compounds. CBD-enriched edibles are options suitable for many individuals as no combustion is required to activate its chemical substances. Most individuals prefer edibles since no smell remains in your mouth after consuming them. For certain proponents, hemp's bitter taste is undesirable; therefore, using cannabidiol edibles makes it simple to consume cannabinoids while also tasting the sweetness in the product. Additionally, the consumer understands the accurate dosage in every product; thus, one should not worry about the amount being consumed. There exist three different edible varieties, including full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolates. According to Jin et al. (2021), full-spectrum includes all cannabis compounds like terpenes, flavonoids, essential oils, fatty acids, cannabigerol, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and cannabinol. These edibles are suitable for individuals who are comfortable with THC's intoxicating effects, but they contain more benefits than isolates and broad-spectrum counterparts.

Furthermore, consumers enjoy the entourage effects when these compounds work synergistically. Broad-spectrum constitutes all ingredients in full-spectrum except THC molecule and has lesser potency because of fewer ingredients. This variety suits people who desire all cannabis compounds without getting intoxicated by THC molecules. Isolates edibles constitute cannabidiol molecules purely. All cannabis constituents, including cannabinoids and terpenes, are eliminated while leaving only cannabidiol contents. Therefore, users should know their specific CBD edible varieties before purchasing.

Cannabidiol and the Endocannabinoid System

CBD edibles contain certain amounts of cannabinoids which interacts with body systems to yield the desired effects. According to Pang et al. (2012), everybody possesses an endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is a complex neurochemical system that modulates homeostasis (a state of body balance) in other organs and their systems. The endocannabinoid receptors CB2 and CB1 are scattered in the human body, particularly skin, immune cells, brain, peripheral, and central nervous system. The endocannabinoid system modulates homeostasis by releasing endogenous cannabinoids, which then interfere with main biological body function, including sensory perception, circadian rhythm, energy metabolism, neuroprotection, immune response, fertility, body temperature, appetite, memory, and mood. Cannabidiol communicates with the endocannabinoid system by indirectly binding the cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2). This mechanism sustains enough body endocannabinoids’ concentration, thus averting various system imbalances and safeguarding people from mental and physical ailments. Jensen et al. (2021), cannabidiol functions to stabilize such imbalances and restore your body equilibrium when the system destabilizes. Besides, cannabidiol contains above 65 molecular objectives, thus numerous potential therapeutic benefits.

Why Are Individuals Using Cannabidiol Edibles?

Cannabidiol edibles provide an excellent method to administer the therapeutic benefits of cannabidiol. These products are suitable for people who desire physical and mental relaxation without experiencing the earthy oil taste. Procaccia et al. (2022) stated that CBD edibles have perfect safety and high health versatility profile as they are the healthiest consumption method. Furthermore, cannabidiol edibles are accessible, convenient to dose, and affordable. Notably, CBD edibles have no side effects and provide consumers uses the correct dosage.

Why Do Edibles Have a Unique Onset Time?

Human bodies differ, meaning the CBD effects will vary from one person to another. Various cannabidiol varieties have different onset periods in consumers depending on the consumption method used. When consuming cannabidiol edibles, some individuals might experience effects after approximately thirty minutes, whereas others require two hours to discover the change. Because edibles are metabolized in the human digestive system, the mechanism to process depends on the consumer’s metabolic rate. Thompson et al. (2019) explained that cannabidiol edibles require 30-90 minutes before experiencing the anticipated results. This duration is longer than using cannabidiol oil which begins working between 15-30 minutes. Vapers, on the other hand, detect the changes after five minutes. CBD edibles are suitable for people who are comfortable waiting for a longer period.

How Long Do CBD Edibles Take to Kick In?

Typically, edibles spend approximately thirty minutes for effects to manifest. An individual might slow down the onset by additional thirty minutes or two hours for consumers with delayed metabolic rate. CBD edibles containing fats require less period to begin functioning since fats boost the cannabinoid absorption rate. Consuming cannabidiol edibles when hungry stimulates the effects to manifest faster as your body digests the product faster than when competing with various compounds from the food. CBD edible varieties can influence the product onset. For instance, lollipops, lozenges, and CBD gum manifest faster because certain cannabidiol compounds are absorbed sublingually when sucked. Sublingual absorption sidesteps first pass digestion in the human liver, thus causing faster effects. Chewable edibles like chocolates, cookies, or gummies might have slowed onset. The absorption occurs in the digestive system, starting where the main constituents penetrate the bloodstream and are transported into the liver. The liver metabolizes the CBD and gets released into your brain and bloodstream for effects to manifest.

Conclusion

Cannabidiol edibles are a convenient and fun method to experience CBD benefits. These products have no earthy aftertaste, unlike cannabidiol oils making consumers enjoy cannabidiol benefits without experiencing undesirable effects. Cannabidiol edibles are easily dosed and discreet since users understand the CBD content in every serving. Though they spend a longer period than vapes for effects to kick in, they last for approximately twelve hours. Thus, edibles are appropriate for individuals seeking long-term relief from various symptoms. The cannabinoid content interacts with the endocannabinoid system when consumers take CBD edibles. This interaction yields the anticipated effects by restoring homeostasis.

References

Jensen, G. S., Leon-Palmer, N. E., & Townsend, K. L. (2021). Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) in the central regulation of energy balance and adult neural plasticity. Metabolism123, 154837.

Jin, Henry, Shan, & Chen (2021). Identification of chemotypes markers in three chemotype categories of Cannabis using secondary metabolites profiled in inflorescences, leaves, stem bark, and roots. Frontiers in Plant Science12.

Procaccia, S., Lewitus, G. M., Lipson Feder, C., Shapira, A., Berman, P., & Meiri, D. (2022). Cannabis for Medical Use: Versatile Plant Rather Than a Single Drug. Front. Pharmacol. 13: 894960. doi: 10.3389/fphar. 2022.894960. Frontiers in Pharmacology| www. frontiers. Org13.

Thompson, DeJong, & Lo (2019). Marijuana use in pregnancy: a review. Obstetrical & gynecological survey74(7), 415.

Pang, Xie, Chen, & Hu, (2012). How functional foods play critical roles in human health. Food Science and human wellness1(1), 26-60.