August 18, 2022 5 min read

HOW TO USE A FACE SCRUB

Using an exfoliant is a great way to start. You're losing out on many skin advantages if you haven't already. Face scrubs are an important part of a well-rounded skin care regimen.

A face scrub may give you radiant skin and eliminate deep-seated impurities. Learn about the advantages of face scrubs and how to pick one that is right for your skin type. What an expert has to say about homemade face scrubs made with coffee and sugar may be quite effective. To remove the deep-seated dirt from pores, they give a mild exfoliation.

What is Exfoliation?

Exfoliation is the process by which dead skin cells are removed from the surface of the skin attention: those seated behind you. You remove the outer layer of your skin's dead cells when you exfoliate. When you exfoliate, you remove this layer of debris from your skin, which brightens your complexion and allows for deeper penetration of your skincare items (making them work better). According to Ravisankar et al. (2015), dead skin cells may build up over time and block pores, resulting in smoother skin and a lower likelihood of acne. Cell turnover decreases with age; thus, exfoliation is particularly beneficial in keeping the process going and preventing dull, sallow skin.

Types of Skin Exfoliation

There are two types of skin exfoliation;

Mechanical

One may physically use an oscillating cleaning brush or face scrub to remove dead skin cells in mechanical exfoliation. To get the most out of your scrub, utilize smaller particles that won't hurt your skin as much as larger ones. (Think of sugar scrubs and rice enzyme powders like Tatcha's.)

Chemical

When it comes to chemical exfoliators, the sticky glue that keeps these cells together is dislodged using alpha- or beta-hydroxy acids, such as those found in face washes like salicylic acid or facial peel pads like glycolic acid. As cell turnover is increased, retinoids may be called exfoliants. On the other hand, retinoids don't need exfoliation. The optimal exfoliation technique for you relies on personal tastes and the kind of skin you have. Although mechanical exfoliation is still an option for certain patients, doctors are increasingly suggesting chemical exfoliation due to the risk of micro-tears in the skin that come with mechanical techniques.

Is it Necessary to Exfoliate your Face Daily?

When it comes to a general guideline, less is always better. You don't want to go beet-red, but you want to assist your body's natural exfoliation process so that your skin looks radiant. The frequency of exfoliation is dependent on the kind of skin you have. In an expert's opinion, persons with sensitive skin often have difficulty finding face skincare solutions that aren't irritating. According to the doctor, certain people have red and itchy skin because of the disease. You should avoid exfoliation if it describes you. Sharad (2013) commented that glycolic acid might be used as an exfoliant once or twice a week, but only if needed.

For those with oily skin:  those with oily skin may see a light shine on their face early in the day. According to Maia Campos et al. (2019), excessive sebum production is generally a sign of oily skin. When you get acne, or your pores become blocked often, that's usually an indicator of high sebum production, she explains. It is possible to exfoliate up to four times per week if you have oily skin, and your skin may be able to take both chemical and mechanical exfoliation if you gradually work your way up to it. An AHA-based cleanser may be used twice a week, and a face peel pad once weekly. Alternatively, you might gradually increase the frequency of your retinoid use. The physician recommends using an AHA or BHA cleanser or a retinoid to exfoliate normally to mixed skin twice weekly.

What is the Purpose of a Face Scrub?

A scrub aids in skin exfoliation. Tan et al. (2017) argued that dead skin cells that obstruct your pores may be removed using this procedure. Acne is caused by filth, pollution, and the overproduction of sebum. Additionally, blocked pores may lead to inflammations, leading to pigmentation when they heal. You may avoid skin problems like these by using a face scrub. If you don't use a face scrub correctly, it may harm your skin.

Use of a face scrub: Dos and Don'ts

Do’s

Using a mild scrub after thoroughly washing your face is the best technique to get rid of acne. After cleaning, follow up with a moisturizing or nourishing face mask. This will aid in absorbing the scrub and mask into your skin. Choosing the appropriate face scrub for your skin type is critical. Further hydration and other problems with the skin may benefit from this. Ensure to rehydrate your skin after using a scrubby, following up with a moisturizing lotion.

What to Avoid Doing (Don’ts)

To avoid getting sunburned: Keep your skin out of the sun. Gardali et al. (2012) advised that scrubbing increases the sensitivity of your skin to everything in your immediate environment. Using sunscreen indoors and out will help strengthen your skin's barrier function and keep it safe from the elements. Remember to reapply every three hours. One should not use a scrub daily. Use a face scrub once or twice a month, depending on your skin's needs. If you don't, it could cause your skin to dry out. Scrubbing frequently depletes your skin's natural moisture. This can cause your skin to produce more sebum to compensate for the dryness, leading to more acne. Don't scrub your face for an hour at a time, as this will only cause more damage to your skin. Scrubbing for too long can cause your skin to dry out and produce more oil, resulting in breakouts. Don't saturate your face with steam before you scrub. Scrubbing before steaming is always a good idea. After a steam bath, your skin is extremely vulnerable. Scrubbing is a bad idea.

Conclusion

Gently exfoliate your skin by avoiding harsh physical scrubs. Gentle scrubs containing AHA's or BHA's are the best way to remove dead skin cells from the skin's surface. One should avoid any skin scrub if one suffers from acne or other skin inflammations. This could worsen your skin's condition by increasing inflammation and drying it out simultaneously. Bruises, scratches, burns, and other wounds on the skin should be allowed to heal naturally rather than being scrubbed away. If you use a scrub to clean the wound, you risk spreading infection. It could also slow down the healing process, resulting in a scar on your skin.

References

Gardali, T., Seavy, N. E., Digaudio, R. T., & Comrack, L. A. (2012). A Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Of California's At-Risk Birds. Plos One, 7(3), E29507.

Maia Campos, P. M., Melo, M. O., & Mercurio, D. G. (2019). Use Of Advanced Imaging Techniques For The Characterization Of Oily Skin. Frontiers In Physiology, 10, 254.

Ravisankar, P., Koushik, O. S., Himaja, V., Ramesh, J., & Pragna, P. (2015). Acne Causes And Amazing Remedial Measures For Acne. J Pharm Res, 5.

Sharad, J. (2013). Glycolic Acid Peel Therapy–A Current Review. Clinical, Cosmetic And Investigational Dermatology, 6, 281.

Tan, E. Y. S., Agarwala, S., Yap, Y. L., Tan, C. S. H., Laude, A., & Yeong, W. Y. (2017). A Novel Method For The Fabrication Of Ultrathin, Free-Standing And Porous Polymer Membranes For Retinal Tissue Engineering. Journal Of Materials Chemistry B, 5(28), 5616-5622.