WHAT ARE CBD OIL, HEMP OIL, THC OIL, CANNABIS OIL, AND MARIJUANA OIL?
Do you know products produced from CBD? what are some of the products? Is there a difference between CBD oil, Hemp oil, THC oil, and Cannabis oil? Which of the oils is more efficient than the others? This article explains the difference between the oils and their effectiveness.
One may wonder about finding out the difference and the following components: CBD oil, hemp oil, THC oil, cannabis oil, and marijuana oil. Though these products may seem to be from the same family of Cannabis, they have vast differences in their effect and outcomes, as discussed in this article.
VanDolah, Bauer, & Mauck (2019) states that CBD, hemp, THC, cannabis oil, and marijuana oil are manufactured components from the different parts of the cannabis plant. They have different extraction methods, which makes them different from each other. Understanding these different oils is very important even in choosing one that an individual may think may be effective for use after understanding their different components.
According to Salami et al. (2020), CBD is a cannabinoid compound that chemically acts in the body and has increased popularity in the health world. CBD is extracted from the cannabis plant. CBD has no high effect and is believed to have some wellness and potential health benefits, unlike its counterpart THC, which has a high intoxicating effect and is extracted from marijuana. After its extraction, the cannabinoid's bio-availability is improved by diluting it with olive oil or coconut oil as a carrier. According to Fasinu et al. (2016), CBD oil is believed to help in some clinical issues like chronic pain, anxiety, depression, acne, and refractory epilepsy.
Hemp Oil is extracted by pressing the hemp seeds. Before refining, hemp seed oil, after being cold-pressed, looks dark green in color light flavored with nutty. A darker color evidences a grassier flavor. It should not make one confuse hemp seed oil with tetrahydrocannabinol oil. After refining, hemp oil looks colorless and clear. Hemp seed oil is industrially used to make products like plastics, fuel, lubricants, body care products, and inks. Products like shampoos, detergents, and soaps are also made from hemp seed oil. It is manufactured from different types of cannabis Sativa without large amounts of THC. The seed is first cleaned before pressing the oil. It is also referred to as drying oil and polymerizes to a solid. It makes it used alone or with other solvents, resins, oils for vanishing, and wood impregnation in finishing. It binds pigments in oil paints and putty as a hardener and plasticizer.
Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC is a cannabis compound with a psychoactive effect. Intoxication is also its characteristic. Coleman (2021) states that according to the 2018 Farm Bill, THC levels should not exceed 0.3%. Individuals suing using THC for the first time must be cautious by beginning with small amounts and doses for monitoring as needed. Some of the common side effects of THC include anxiety, depression, severe headaches, and poor appetite. One should be informed of the strength of the THC oil they may be planning to use. One who may be new to using Cannabis may experience risks in using the vaped oil due to its reaction. Vaped products have higher concentrations than smoked THC. THC may be dabbed or vaped by its users. Vaped one is consumed through a cartridge or a pen, while one may decide to do the dabbing, dripping the desired amount on a heated nail for use. Dabbing is preferred.
The cannabis oil is extracted from the cannabis plant. Before processing, their active ingredients are as in plants but varied compound balance depending on their specific plant. Active substances of the cannabis plant are delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, THC, and cannabidiol CBD. From hemp, oil extracted has more CBD than that from skunk, which contains more THC. THC is responsible for the high effect desired by cannabis users; while others are used for medical use, oils contain CBD. Other forms may be sold as dried plant or resin material. The concentration of the two cannabis products is controlled in the commercial production of oils for medical purposes. Compton et al. (1992) explain that some drugs have been processed from the cannabis compound. Sativex contains CBD and THC in equal measures and is used in multiple sclerosis to treat spasms of the muscles. Both drugs cannot be administered to children due to the high content of THC.
According to Stack (2021), street names for marijuana are ear wax, budder, wax, honey oil, butane hash oil, shatter, black glass, dabs, and butane honey oil. It is a marijuana product with a high and extraordinary THC content that resembles butter or honey. It is popularly smoked or ingested through oil pipes or using water. Its infusion mostly abuses it in drinks and food products. Users prefer vaporizers or e-cigarette since it is odorless, smokeless, and can be hidden easily. Vaping or dabbing the marijuana concentrate is used to ingest the vaporizer/e-cigarette. It causes a more physical and psychological effect on users due to its high concentration than marijuana plant use. According to Fattore (2016), anxiety, hallucinations, panic attacks, and paranoia are the known effects of the marijuana plant. This plant also increases blood pressure and one’s heart rate. Users of plant marijuana may have addiction and withdrawal problems.
Different users prefer all these oils for different reasons. They all are from the same family of cannabinoids. They may all have an entourage effect, but only THC levels are responsible for the high effect when included in the components of a specific oil or product. Though people say that cannabis products solve some health and physical issues, it has not been medically certified. Although various researchers have been done, none has been clinically approved.
Coleman, J. J. (2021). Did the 2018 Farm Bill’s Hemp Provisions Decriminalize Marijuana?. Journal of Drug Policy Analysis, 14(1), 1-21.
Compton, D. R., Gold, L. H., Ward, S. J., Balster, R. L., & Martin, B. R. (1992). Aminoalkylindole analogs: cannabimimetic activity of a class of compounds structurally distinct from delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 263(3), 1118-1126.
Fasinu, P. S., Phillips, S., ElSohly, M. A., & Walker, L. A. (2016). Current status and prospects for cannabidiol preparations as new therapeutic agents. Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy, 36(7), 781-796.
Stack, L. (2021). Marijuana Killed My Son! Doctors, Let Me Tell You Something About the Dangers of Cannabis. Missouri medicine, 118(6), 529.
Fattore, L. (2016). Synthetic cannabinoids—further evidence supporting the relationship between cannabinoids and psychosis. Biological psychiatry, 79(7), 539-548.
Salami, S. A., Martinelli, F., Giovino, A., Bachari, A., Arad, N., & Mantri, N. (2020). Our turn is to get Cannabis high: Put cannabinoids in food and health baskets. Molecules, 25(18), 4036
VanDolah, H. J., Bauer, B. A., & Mauck, K. F. (2019, September). Clinicians’ guide to cannabidiol and hemp oils. In Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Vol. 94, No. 9, pp. 1840-1851). Elsevier.
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