CBD is a cannabis compound derived from the hemp plant through solvent or alcohol extraction. The extractis filtered and refined into full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or isolate CBDproducts. The use of CBD products has been on the rise since the legalisation of industrial hemp in 2018. Cannabis compounds like CBD, CBG, and CBDA were also legalised. CBD topical products like balm, lotions, and creams are gaining prominence because of their claimed uses,such as aiding pain and treating acne. This article discusses CBD moisturising face and its use.
CBD topicals are made by infusing CBD oil with beeswax, or base oil and essential oil for external use. Other supplements like menthol can also be added to the product. CBD topicals are taken by applying a given amount to the area to be treated and massaging for a few minutes to full absorption. The CBD will then bind with the ECS receptors in the skin. However, these topical products should not be applied to open wounds because the ingredients may cause severe pain.
What is CBD Face Moisturiser Cream?
CBD face moisturiser is a CBD-infused cream meant for external use. According to Atalay et al. (2019), CBD has beneficial anti-inflammatory properties. It is made by mixing CBD with ingredients base and essential oils for maximum effects.
Benefits of CBD Face Moisturiser Cream
Atalay et al. (2019) stated that CBD has antioxidant properties helpful in lessening signs of ageing,such as wrinkles and skin dullness. CBD can also soothe sensitive skin.
Does CBD Face Cream work for dermatitis?
Dermatitis is an umbrella term for common skin irritations like eczema and seborrheic dermatitis. It is characterised by dry, swollen, and thickened skin. This condition is not contagious but can make you uncomfortable. CBD has anti-inflammatory properties that can be used to treat dermatitis. According to Palmieri et al. (2019), CBD cream can help reduce itching and soothe redness and inflammation in people with dermatitis.
Does CBD Moisturiser work for psoriasis?
Psoriasis is a skin condition that causes a rash with itchy and scaly patcheson the knees, elbows, scalp, and trunk. It is a chronic disease with no cure, and is painful, interfering with sleep and concentration ability. Psoriasis is an immune system disorder that causes skin cells to grow faster than expected.According toBaswan et al. (2020), CBD can be used to treat psoriasis because of its anti-inflammatory properties.
Does Moisturising CBD Cream Work for Acne?
Sebum is produced in the sebaceous glands to moisten the skin. When too much sebum is produced but blocked by dead skin in the hair holes, it results in pimples and acne. According to Baswan et al. (2020), CBD has anti-inflammatory properties that help treat acne. When CBD cream is applied to the acne pimple, it reduces pressure on the hair hole and the severity of the pimple.
Does CBD Face Cream Work for Eczema?
Eczemais a skin condition that causes itchy, dry, and inflamed skin. It is common among children but can also affect adults. People with eczema find it hard to use cleaning agents, and weather conditions may also cause irritations. According to Sivesind et al. (2022),patients with eczema can use CBD topicals to improve the symptoms.
Using CBD Face Cream
CBD cream is used as a topicalapplied to the affected skin area and massaged to maximise absorption. The face cream works by interacting with the ECS receptors in the skin. You can apply CBD face cream in the morning and evening to maximise results.
What to Look for When Buying CBD Skincare Products
Potency is the CBD's strengthlabelled on the product as mg/ml. High potency products have a faster effect when compared to products with low potency. High potency is at least 30- 60%, and low potency is 10% of CBD. Products with 60% or higher potency are considered concentrates. Knowing the product's potency helps calculate your optimal dose.
Type of CBD
The full-spectrum CBD has all the cannabinoids and hemp plant terpenes, including THC. CBD is more effective because of the cannabinoids, which work best when used together. As a result, the full-spectrum products are stronger than the broad-spectrum CBD products.
The Broad-spectrum CBD
The broad spectrum has all the cannabinoids except THC. These products suit those who don't want to take products with THC. The cannabinoids and terpenes contribute to the entourage effect.
Isolate CBD has a higher concentration than other CBDs. The extractis super refined to remove all the cannabinoids and terpenes. Isolate products are found as crystals. CBD concentrates achieve a higher dose with a small amount.
The brand's reputation is crucial in determining the quality of its CBD products. Some brands have a reviews section on their website where customers criticise or rate their products. The reviews can hint at how much customers trust the brand.
Certificate of Analysis
A certificate of analysis (COA) is a document printed by third-party labs after testing the extracted CBDfor potency, cannabinoid profile, organic contaminants, and chemicals. COA gives information that cannot be found on the product label, and is accessed by scanning the QR code on the product.
Where to Buy the CBD Skincare
You can buy CBD skincare products directly from the producer's website or retailer. Buying from the producer can save you time, and you are less likely to buy a low-quality product. Producers also have a shipping and return policy which retailers don't offer.
Are CBD Face Care Products Legal in the UK?
CBD products are legal in the UK if derived from industrial hemp strain, with 0.2% THC content, or less.
Producers must obtain a license from the home office.
Sellers should be licensed drug distributors.
Smoking hemp plant materials is illegal even if THC is 0.0%.
According to the EU regulation 1223/2009, any cosmetic product must be safe for use. The cosmetic product must obtain a safety report.
CBD vs CBG
CBD and CBG have similar bodily functions because of their therapeutic effect. They are both extracted from the hemp plant, though CBD is extracted from a mature plant, while CBG is from a young plant. The young hemp plant contains CBGA, an acidic form of CBG. As the plant matures, CBGA breaks into various cannabinoids. CBD and CBG are non-psychotropic, but they interact with ECS differently. Unlike CBD, CBG stimulates the receptors because it is psychoactive.
How long does it to take the effect of CBD topicals
You can feel the effect of CBD topicals after 40 minutes. The effect can last up to eight hours, making the topicals suitable for remedies that need a long-lasting effect.
Do CBD Topicals Make You High?
CBD topicals cannot make you high because they are non-psychotropic. Unlike THC, psychotropic CBD does not stimulate receptors or affect perception.The role of THC in full-spectrum CBD products is to cause the entourage effect. Also, CBD cannot fail a drug test because the test examines other abused substances like marijuana.
CBD and the Endocannabinoid System
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is the body's communication system responsible for maintaining balance. The ECS was discovered in the late 90s. The body requires a balanced temperature and blood sugar. According to Walker et al. (2019),the ECS comprises the endocannabinoid neurotransmitter, receptors, and enzymes. The neurotransmitter carriers the signals between receptorson the neurons and cells responsible for sending and receiving signals. The neurotransmitters carry signals of pain, mood, hunger, and their perceptions. The enzymes are made of fatty acids and break down neurotransmitters. CBD interacts with the ECS to regulate the rate at which the neurotransmitters are broken.
CBD dosage differs from medications because of the range of products with different potencies. The dosage is affected by CBD tolerance, metabolism, and body weight. Your doctor can suggest a dose, or you can work it out. Start with a small dose and gradually increase it depending on the effect. The effect indicates that you have achieved your optimal dose and that CBD will work for you.
CBD and Bioavailability
Price & Patel (2021) defined bioavailability as the amount and rate at which an active ingredient in a drug enters circulation. The amount of CBD that enters circulation is determined by the consumption method. In the topical method, 40% of CBD enters circulation in the local area's small blood vessels. Inhalation is the most effective method, where 60% of the CBD enters circulation. The oral method is the least effective, with only 20% entering circulation.
Other Methods of Taking CBD
You can inhale CBD using a vape pen or a vaporiser. The vape pen comprises a mouthpiece for drawing the vapour, a tank for holding CBD, and a battery for powering the atomiser, which vaporises the CBD. You can also inhale CBD using nasal sprays, where the vapor enters the bloodstream through the lungs, and the effect is felt after 15 minutes.
The sublingual method involves placing CBD oil drops under your tongue and holding it for 60 seconds to allow for absorption. You can maximise absorption by holding for two more minutes. The tissues and blood vessels in the sublingual layer absorb the CBD into the bloodstream, and the effect is felt after 20-30 minutes.
The Ingestion Method
The ingestion method involves taking CBD gummies, capsules, or adding the oil to meals and drinks. The best time to ingest CBD is after fatty meals because fats increase CBD bioavailability. The CBD will undergo metabolism before absorption, and you will feel the effect after an hour, depending on your metabolism rate.
Effect of CBD on Pain and Inflammation
CBD topicals can soothe pain because they interact with the ECS system. Serotonin plays a massive role in regulating pain and how we perceive pain. The effect of serotonin does not last long because of the fatty enzymes. CBD interacts with the ECS receptors to regulate the action of serotonin. According to Stella et al. (2021),CBD can be used on back, chronic, and other pains. The anti-inflammatory properties can be used in treating people with arthritis.
Frequently Asked Questions about CBD Topicals
What Is Cannabidiol?
Cannabidiol or CBD is a therapeutic compound in cannabis plants, especially hemp. For various reasons, CBD is used to make products like CBD oil, gummies, topicals, and capsules. It is obtained through solvent or alcohol extraction.
Can I Smoke CBD?
You can roll a joint and smoke the hemp plant materials like leaves and buds. However, it is illegal in the UK to smoke hemp plant materials even if the THC is 0.0%.
What Are the Side Effects Of CBD?
CBD is well tolerated in the body, but can cause dizziness, vomiting, nausea, cottonmouth, and diarrhoea. It interacts with prescribed and over-the-counter medications. Before going for prescriptions, you should inform your doctor that you are taking CBD. Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers are also warned from using CBD products.
How Does CBD Cream Treat Dermatitis?
CBD has anti-inflammatory properties that enable it to treat dermatitis. According to Palmieri et al. (2019), CBD cream can help reduce itching, soothe redness, and inflammation in people with dermatitis
How Safe Are CBD Topicals?
The hemp plant is very delicate and does absorb muchorganic and chemical material from the soil. Farmers are encouraged to practice organic farming to reduce chemical absorption. After extraction, CDB is tested for contaminants such as fungi, salmonella, pesticides, and heavy metals like lead. The test report is published on a COA on the company's website and accessed by scanning the QR on the product label.
What is the Shelf-life of CBD Face Cream?
The shelf-life of CBD cream is two years, but exposure to UV, heat and germs can reduce it significantly. To ensure your CBD face cream last longer, store it in its original container away from direct heat and UV light.
Does Moisturising CBD Cream Work for Acne?
CBD has anti-inflammatory properties that can be used to treat acne. It reducespressure on the hair hole,making itopen up.
What Are the CBD Age Restrictions in the UK?
In the UK, the legal age to buy and use CBD products like face creams is 18 years.
Is CBD Oil the Same as Hemp Seed Oil?
CBD and hemp seed oils are extracted from the hemp plant butare not the same. The oil is extracted from plant materials like stalks, leaves and buds using solvent extraction. In contrast, hemp seed oil is extracted from hemp seeds using cold pressing and has noCBD.
What CBD Strength Should I Use?
Any CBD potency will work depending on the condition you are treating. Higher potencies are efficient for chronic conditions, while lower potencies are for mild conditions.
What Is My Optimal CBD Dose?
Your optimal CBD dose is the amount you take and feel the effect, which varies with individual users. You should start with a lower dose and increasing it gradually. CBD oil is the best product to use when working out your optimal dose.
Can I Take CBD with Alcohol?
Mixing CBD with alcohol can increase the effect of alcohol and cause impairment sooner than when alcohol is taken alone. The effects of combining CBD and alcohol are drowsiness, vomiting, and impaired judgement. However, taking alcohol and CBD hours apart will not have much effect.
CBD moisturising face care products can enhance beauty, treat acne, and serve as antioxidants that lessen signs of ageing. The beauty products are administered through the topical method. They are absorbed through the skin and interact with ECS receptors. Taking CBD cannot make you high or fail a drug test. The product is legal in the UK if THC does not exceed 0.2%. CBD and CBG should not be confused, though they have similar functions. CBD can also be taken as oil, gummies, capsules, or sprays.
Atalay, S., Jarocka-Karpowicz, I., &Skrzydlewska, E. (2021). Antioxidative and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Cannabidiol. Natural Phenolic Compounds for Health, Food and Cosmetic Applications, 201.
Baswan, S. M., Klosner, A. E., Glynn, K., Rajgopal, A., Malik, K., Yim, S., & Stern, N. (2020). Therapeutic potential of cannabidiol (CBD) for skin health and disorders. Clinical, cosmetic and investigational dermatology, 13, 927.
Palmieri, B., Laurino, C., &Vadalà, M. (2019). A therapeutic effect of CBD-enriched ointment in inflammatory skin diseases and cutaneous scars. Clin Ter, 170, 2.
Price, G., & Patel, D. A. (2021). Drug bioavailability. In StatPearls [Internet]. StatPearls Publishing.
Sivesind, T. E., Maghfour, J., Rietcheck, H., Kamel, K., Malik, A. S., &Dellavalle, R. P. (2022). Cannabinoids for the Treatment of Dermatologic Conditions. JID Innovations, 100095.
Stella, B., Baratta, F., Della Pepa, C., Arpicco, S., Gastaldi, D., &Dosio, F. (2021). Cannabinoid formulations and delivery systems: Current and future options to treat pain. Drugs, 81(13), 1513-1557.
Walker, O. L. S., Holloway, A. C., & Raha, S. (2019). The role of the endocannabinoid system in female reproductive tissues. Journal of Ovarian Research, 12(1), 1-10.
IS CBD CREAM LEGAL?
Since the enactment of the 2018 Farm Bill, the CBD market has seen more products offered in different formulations, including topicals such as creams, salves, and lotions. However, before jumping onto the train and incorporating these topical products into your skincare routine, it is vital to know everything about CBD creams, including their legality.
How Are CBD Creams Made?
All CBD topicals are applied to the skin to relieve skin conditions and make it look smoother and younger. However, these topicals are made differently, based on consistency and ingredients used. For instance, CBD creams are made by blending CBD oil and water using an emulsifying agent like beeswax and coconut oil. CBD creams are also categorized into three main types, depending on the cannabinoids used.
Isolate or distillate cream contains only pure CBD, water, and emulsifying agents.
Broad-spectrum cream contains CBD, minor cannabinoids, terpenes, water, and emulsifying agents.
Full-spectrum cream contains CBD, traces of THC, other cannabinoids and terpenes, water, and emulsifying agents.
CBD Cream Legality
According to the 2018 Farm Bill that legalized the farming of industrial hemp, all CBD products are legal as long as they contain less than 0.3% THC. However, this legalization is only considered as federal and not state legality. Therefore, every state is mandated to legalize or restrict the manufacture and use of hemp-derived products. This is because the CBD market is still unregulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and CBD products are still used as supplements and not medical products. For this reason, it is still illegal to make medical or therapeutic claims on CBD products, including CBD creams.
CBD creams are considered federally legal if they contain less than 0.3% THC and are made from industrial hemp.
Some states have legalized the use of CBD products for both recreational and medical purposes, while other states have not yet legalized hemp growing or sale of CBD products.
The burden to determine the safety of CBD creams rests entirely on the user since FDA does not regulate the CBD market.
There is still ongoing research on the safety, composition, and therapeutic potentials of CBD products, including creams.
It is vital to note that CBD creams are not legal in all states, and it is still not acceptable to make any unfounded medical claim on any CBD products. However, since the FDA has not yet approved any CBD product as safe, anybody thinking about incorporating CBD creams in their skin wellness routine should first seek a doctor's guidance to avoid possible side effects.